Yeshua Hamashiach (Jesus) Will Reign Over Israel and the World

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In the midst of all this craziness, let’s keep our faith in Jesus strong, because he will win. Satan is ramping up his forces for the Final Battle, and we can see things lining up, with all this pandemic craziness, racism and riots in the streets. Dr. Andy Woods does a great job summing up current events.

Jesus (Yeshua Hamashiach) My Jewish Messiah

I am a Jewish Christian.

44 prophecies that Jesus fulfilled from the Jewish Bible:

1. Gen. 3:15Seed of a woman (virgin birth)Galatians 4:4-5Matthew 1:18
2. Gen. 3:15He will bruise Satan’s headHebrews 2:141John 3:8
3. Gen. 3:15Christ’s heel would be bruised with nails on the crossMatthew 27:35Luke 24:39-40
4. Gen. 5:24The bodily ascension to heaven illustratedMark 16:19, Rev. 12:5
5. Gen. 9:26, 27The God of Shem will be the Son of ShemLuke 3:23-36
6. Gen. 12:3Seed of Abraham will bless all nationsGalatians 3:8Acts 3:2526
7. Gen. 12:7The Promise made to Abraham’s SeedGalatians 3:16
8. Gen. 14:18A priest after the order of MelchizedekHebrews 6:20
9. Gen. 14:18King of Peace and RighteousnessHebrews 7:2
10. Gen. 14:18The Last Supper foreshadowedMatthew 26:26-29
11. Gen. 17:19Seed of Isaac (Gen. 21:12)Romans 9:7
12. Gen. 22:8The Lamb of God promisedJohn 1:29
13. Gen. 22:18As Isaac’s seed, will bless all nationsGalatians 3:16
14. Gen. 26:2-5The Seed of Isaac promised as the RedeemerHebrews 11:18
15. Gen. 28:12The Bridge to heavenJohn 1:51
16. Gen. 28:14The Seed of JacobLuke 3:34
17. Gen. 49:10The time of His comingLuke 2:1-7; Galatians 4:4
18. Gen. 49:10The Seed of JudahLuke 3:33
19. Gen. 49:10Called Shiloh or One SentJohn 17:3
20. Gen. 49:10Messiah to come before Judah lost identityJohn 11:47-52
21. Gen. 49:10Unto Him shall the obedience of the people beJohn 10:16
22. Ex. 3:13-15The Great “I AM”John 4:268:58
23. Ex. 12:3-6The Lamb pres ented to Israel 4 days before PassoverMark 11:7-11
24. Ex. 12:5A Lamb without blemishHebrews 9:141Peter 1:19
25. Ex. 12:13The blood of the Lamb saves from wrathRomans 5:8
26. Ex. 12:21-27Christ is our Passover1Corinthians 5:7
27. Ex. 12:46Not a bone of the Lamb to be brokenJohn 19:31-36
28. Ex. 15:2His exaltation predicted as YeshuaActs 7:5556
29. Ex. 15:11His Character-HolinessLuke 1:35Acts 4:27
30. Ex. 17:6The Spiritual Rock of Israel1Corinthians 10:4
31. Ex. 33:19His Character-MercifulLuke 1:72
32. Lev. 1:2-9His sacrifice a sweet smelling savor unto GodEphesians 5:2
33. Lev. 14:11The leper cleansed-Sign to priesthoodLuke 5:12-14Acts 6:7
34. Lev. 16:15-17Prefigures Christ’s once-for-all deathHebrews 9:7-14
35. Lev. 16:27Suffering outside the CampMatthew 27:33Heb. 13:1112
36. Lev. 17:11The Blood-the life of the fleshMatthew 26:28Mark 10:45
37. Lev. 17:11It is the blood that makes atonementRom. 3:23-241John 1:7
38. Lev. 23:36-37The Drink-offering: “If any man thirst”John 7:37
39. Num. 9:12Not a bone of Him brokenJohn 19:31-36
40. Num. 21:9The serpent on a pole-Christ lifted upJohn 3:14-1812:32
41. Num. 24:17Time: “I shall see him, but not now.”John 1:14Galatians 4:4
42. Deut. 18:15“This is of a truth that prophet.”John 6:14
43. Deut. 18:15-16“Had ye believed Moses, ye would believe me.”John 5:45-47
44. Deut. 18:18Sent by the Father to speak His wordJohn 8:2 829
45. Deut. 18:19Whoever will not hear must bear his sinActs 3:22-23
46. Deut. 21:23Cursed is he that hangs on a treeGalatians 3:10-13
47. Joshua 5:14-15The Captain of our salvationHebrews 2:10
48. Ruth 4:4-10Christ, our kinsman, has redeemed usEphesians 1:3-7
49. 1 Sam. 2:35A Faithful PriestHeb. 2:173:1-367:24-25
50. 1 Sam. 2:10Shall be an anointed King to the LordMt. 28:18John 12:15
51. 2 Sam. 7:12David’s SeedMatthew 1:1
52. 2 Sam. 7:13His Kingdom is everlasting2Peter 1:11
53. 2 Sam. 7:14The Son of GodLuke 1:32Romans 1:3-4
54. 2 Sam. 7:16David’s house established foreverLuke 3:31Rev. 22:16
55. 2 Ki. 2:11The bodily ascension to heaven illustratedLuke 24:51
56. 1 Chr. 17:11David’s SeedMatthew 1:19:27
57. 1 Chr. 17:12-13To reign on David’s throne foreverLuke 1:3233
58. 1 Chr. 17:13“I will be His Father, He…my Son.”Hebrews 1:5
59. Job 9:32-33Mediator between man and God1 Timothy 2:5
60. Job 19:23-27The Resurrection predictedJohn 5:24-29
61. Psa. 2:1-3The enmity of kings foreordainedActs 4:25-28
62. Psa. 2:2To own the title, Anointed (Christ)John 1:41Acts 2:36
63. Psa. 2:6His Character-HolinessJohn 8:46Revelation 3:7
64. Psa. 2:6To own the title KingMatthew 2:2
65. Psa. 2:7Declared the Beloved SonMatthew 3:17 Romans 1:4
66. Psa. 2:78The Crucifixion and Resurrection intimatedActs 13:29-33
67. Psa. 2:89Rule the nations with a rod of ironRev. 2:2712:519:15
68. Psa. 2:12Life comes through faith in HimJohn 20:31
69. Psa. 8:2The mouths of babes perfect His praiseMatthew 21:16
70. Psa. 8:56His humiliation and exaltationHebrews 2:5-9
71. Psa. 9:7-10Judge the world in righteousnessActs 17:31
72. Psa. 16:10Was not to see corruptionActs 2:3113:35
73. Psa. 16:9-11Was to arise from the deadJohn 20:9
74. Psa. 17:15The resurrection predictedLuke 24:6
75. Psa. 18:2-3The horn of salvationLuke 1:69-71
76. Psa. 22:1Forsaken because of sins of others2 Corinthians 5:21
77. Psa. 22:1“My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”Matthew 27:46
78. Psa. 22:2Darkness upon Calvary for three hoursMatthew 27:45
79. Psa. 22:7They shoot out the lip and shake the headMatthew 27:39-44
80. Psa. 22:8“He trusted in God, let Him deliver Him”Matthew 27:43
81. Psa. 22:9-10Born the SaviourLuke 2:7
82. Psa. 22:12-13They seek His deathJohn 19:6
83. Psa. 22:14His blood poured out when they pierced His sideJohn 19:34
84. Psa. 22:1415Suffered agony on CalvaryMark 15:34-37
85. Psa. 22:15He thirstedJohn 19:28
86. Psa. 22:16They pierced His hands and His feetJohn 19:343720:27
87. Psa. 22:1718Stripped Him before the stares of menLuke 23:3435
88. Psa. 22:18They parted His garmentsJohn 19:2324
89. Psa. 22:2021He committed Himself to GodLuke 23:46
90. Psa. 22:2021Satanic power bruising the Redeemer’s heelHebrews 2:14
91. Psa. 22:22His Resurrection declaredJohn 20:17
92. Psa. 22:27-28He shall be the governor of the nationsColossians 1:16
93. Psa. 22:31“It is finished”John 19:30Heb. 10:10121418
94. Psa. 23:1“I am the Good Shepherd”John 10:111Peter 2:25
95. Psa. 24:3His exaltation predictedActs 1:11Philippians 2:9
96. Psa. 30:3His resurrection predictedActs 2:32
97. Psa. 31:5“Into thy hands I commit my spirit”Luke 23:46
98. Psa. 31:11His acquaintances fled from HimMark 14:50
99. Psa. 31:13They took counsel to put Him to deathMt. 27:1John 11:53
100. Psa. 31:1415“He trusted in God, let Him deliver him”Matthew 27:43
101. Psa. 34:20Not a bone of Him brokenJohn 19:31-36
102. Psa. 35:11False witnesses rose up against HimMatthew 26:59
103. Psa. 35:19He was hated without a causeJohn 15:25
104. Psa. 38:11His friends stood afar offLuke 23:49
105. Psa. 38:12Enemies try to entangle Him by craftMark 14:1Mt. 22:15
106. Psa. 38:12-13Silent before His accusersMatthew 27:12-14
107. Psa. 38:20He went about doing goodActs 10:38
108. Psa. 40:2-5The joy of His resurrect ion predictedJohn 20:20
109. Psa. 40:6-8His delight-the will of the FatherJohn 4:34Heb. 10:5-10
110. Psa. 40:9He was to preach the Righteousness in IsraelMatthew 4:17
111. Psa. 40:14Confronted by adversaries in the GardenJohn 18:4-6
112. Psa. 41:9Betrayed by a familiar friendJohn 13:18
113. Psa. 45:2Words of Grace come from His lipsJohn 1:17Luke 4:22
114. Psa. 45:6To own the title, God or ElohimHebrews 1:8
115. Psa. 45:7A special anointing by the Holy SpiritMt. 3:16Heb. 1:9
116. Psa. 45:78Called the Christ (Messiah or Anointed)Luke 2:11
117. Psa. 45:17His name remembered foreverEphesians 1:20-21Heb. 1:8
118. Psa. 55:12-14Betrayed by a friend, not an enemyJohn 13:18
119. Psa. 55:15Unrepentant death of the BetrayerMatthew 27:3-5Acts 1:16-19
120. Psa. 68:18To give gifts to menEphesians 4:7-16
121. Psa. 68:18Ascended into HeavenLuke 24:51
122. Psa. 69:4Hated without a causeJohn 15:25
123. Psa. 69:8A stranger to own brethrenJohn 1:117:5
124. Psa. 69:9Zealous for the Lord’s HouseJohn 2:17
125. Psa. 69:14-20Messiah’s anguish of soul before crucifixionMatthew 26:36-45
126. Psa. 69:20“My soul is exceeding sorrowful.”Matthew 26:38
127. Psa. 69:21Given vinegar in thirstMatthew 27:34
128. Psa. 69:26The Saviour given and smitten by GodJohn 17:418:11
129. Psa. 72:1011Great persons were to visit HimMatthew 2:1-11
130. Psa. 72:16The corn of wheat to fall into the GroundJohn 12:24-25
131. Psa. 72:17Belief on His name will produce offspringJohn 1:1213
132. Psa. 72:17All nations shall be blessed by HimGalatians 3:8
133. Psa. 72:17All nations shall call Him blessedJohn 12:13Rev. 5:8-12
134. Psa. 78:1-2He would teach in parablesMatthew 13:34-35
135. Psa. 78:2To speak the Wisdom of God with authorityMatthew 7:29
136. Psa. 80:17The Man of God’s right handMark 14:61-62
137. Psa. 88The Suffering and Reproach of CalvaryMatthew 27:26-50
138. Psa. 88:8They stood afar off and watchedLuke 23:49
139. Psa. 89:9He calms the wind and the seaMatthew 8:26
140. Psa. 89:27FirstbornColossians 1:1518
141. Psa. 89:27Emmanuel to be higher than earthly kingsLuke 1:3233
142. Psa. 89:35-37David’s Seed, throne, kingdom endure foreverLuke 1:3233
143. Psa. 89:36-37His character-FaithfulnessRevelation 1:519:11
144. Psa. 90:2He is from everlasting (Micah 5:2)John 1:1
145. Psa. 91:1112Identified as Messianic; used to tempt ChristLuke 4:1011
146. Psa. 97:9His exaltation predictedActs 1:11Ephesians 1:20
147. Psa. 100:5His character-GoodnessMatthew 19:1617
148. Psa. 102:1-11The Suffering and Reproach of CalvaryJohn 19:16-30
149. Psa. 102:25-27Messiah is the Preexistent SonHebrews 1:10-12
150. Psa. 109:25RidiculedMatthew 27:39
151. Psa. 110:1Son of DavidMatthew 22:42-43
152. Psa. 110:1To ascend to the right-hand of the FatherMark 16:19
153. Psa. 110:1David’s son called LordMatthew 22:4445
154. Psa. 110:4A priest after Melchizedek’s orderHebrews 6:20
155. Psa. 112:4His character-Compassionate, Gracious, et alMatthew 9:36
156. Psa. 118:1718Messiah’s Resurrection assuredLuke 24:5-71Cor. 15:20
157. Psa. 118:2223The rejected stone is Head of the cornerMatthew 21:4243
158. Psa. 118:26The Blessed One presented to IsraelMatthew 21:9
159. Psa. 118:26To come while Temple standingMatthew 21:12-15
160. Psa. 132:11The Seed of David (the fruit of His Body)Luke 1:32Act 2:30
161. Psa. 129:3He was scourgedMatthew 27:26
162. Psa. 138:1-6The supremacy of David’s Seed amazes kingsMatthew 2:2-6
163. Psa. 147:36The earthly ministry of Christ describedLuke 4:18
164. Prov. 1:23He will send the Spirit of GodJohn 16:7
165. Prov. 8:23Foreordained from everlastingRev. 13:81Peter 1:19-20
166. Song. 5:16The altogether lovely OneJohn 1:17
167. Isa. 2:3He shall teach all nationsJohn 4:25
168. Isa. 2:4He shall judge among the nationsJohn 5:22
169. Isa. 6:1When Isaiah saw His gloryJohn 12:40-41
170. Isa. 6:8The One Sent by GodJohn 12:38-45
171. Isa. 6:9-10Parables fall on deaf earsMatthew 13:13-15
172. Isa. 6:9-12Blinded to Christ and deaf to His wordsActs 28:23-29
173. Isa. 7:14To be born of a virginLuke 1:35
174. Isa. 7:14To be Emmanuel-God with usMatthew 1:18-231Tim. 3:16
175. Isa. 8:8Called EmmanuelMatthew 1:23
176. Isa. 8:14A stone of stumbling, a Rock of offense1Peter 2:8
177. Isa. 9:12His ministry to begin in GalileeMatthew 4:12-17
178. Isa. 9:6A child born-HumanityLuke 1:31
179. Isa. 9:6A Son given-DeityLuke 1:32John 1:141Tim. 3:16
180. Isa. 9:6Declared to be the Son of God with powerRomans 1:34
181. Isa. 9:6The Wonderful One, PelehLuke 4:22
182. Isa. 9:6The Counsellor, YaatzMatthew 13:54
183. Isa. 9:6The Mighty God, El Gibor1Cor. 1:24Titus 2:13
184. Isa. 9:6The Everlasting Father, Avi AdthJohn 8:5810:30
185. Isa. 9:6The Prince of Peace, Sar ShalomJohn 16:33
186. Isa. 9:7Inherits the throne of DavidLuke 1:32
187. Isa. 9:7His Character-JustJohn 5:30
188. Isa. 9:7No end to his Government, Throne, and kingdomLuke 1:33
189. Isa. 11:1Called a Nazarene-the Branch, NetzerMatthew 2:23
190. Isa. 11:1A rod out of Jesse-Son of JesseLuke 3:2332
191. Isa. 11:2Anointed One by the SpiritMatthew 3:1617Acts 10:38
192. Isa. 11:2His Character-Wisdom, Knowledge, et alColossians 2:3
193. Isa. 11:3He would know their thoughtsLuke 6:8John 2:25
194. Isa. 11:4Judge in righteousnessActs 17:31
195. Isa. 11:4Judges with the sword of His mouthRev. 2:1619:1115
196. Isa. 11:5Character: Righteous & FaithfulRev. 19:11
197. Isa. 11:10The Gentiles seek HimJohn 12:18-21
198. Isa. 12:2Called Jesus-YeshuaMatthew 1:21
199. Isa. 22:22The One given all authority to governRevelation 3:7
200. Isa. 25:8The Resurrection predicted1Corinthians 15:54
201. Isa. 26:19His power of Resurrection predictedMatthew 27:50-54
202. Isa. 28:16The Messiah is the precious corner stoneActs 4:1112
203. Isa. 28:16The Sure Foundation1Corinthians 3:11Mt. 16:18
204. Isa. 29:13He indicated hypocritical obedience to His WordMatthew 15:7-9
205. Isa. 29:14The wise are confounded by the Word1Corinthians 1:18-31
206. Isa. 32:2A Refuge-A man shall be a hiding placeMatthew 23:37
207. Isa. 35:4He will come and save youMatthew 1:21
208. Isa. 35:5-6To have a ministry of miraclesMatthew 11:2-6
209. Isa. 40:34Preceded by forerunnerJohn 1:23
210. Isa. 40:9“Behold your God.”John 1:3619:14
211. Isa. 40:10.He will come to rewardRevelation 22:12
212. Isa. 40:11A shepherd-compassionate life-giverJohn 10:10-18
213. Isa. 42:1-4The Servant-as a faithful, patient redeemerMatthew 12:18-21
214. Isa. 42:2Meek and lowlyMatthew 11:28-30
215. Isa. 42:3He brings hope for the hopelessMt. 12:14-21John 4:1-54
216. Isa. 42:4The nations shall wait on His teachingsJohn 12:20-26
217. Isa. 42:6The Light (salvation) of the GentilesLuke 2:32
218. Isa. 42:16His is a worldwide compassionMatthew 28:1920
219. Isa. 42:7Blind eyes opened.John 9:25-38
220. Isa. 43:11He is the only Saviour.Acts 4:12
221. Isa. 44:3He will send the Spirit of GodJohn 16:713
222. Isa. 45:21-25He is Lord and SaviourPhilippians 3:20Titus 2:13
223. Isa. 45:23He will be the JudgeJohn 5:22Romans 14:11
224. Isa. 46:910Declares things not yet doneJohn 13:19
225. Isa. 48:12The First and the LastJohn 1:30Revelation 1:817
226. Isa. 48:1617He came as a TeacherJohn 3:2
227. Isa. 49:1Called from the womb-His humanityMatthew 1:18
228. Isa. 49:5A Servant from the womb.Luke 1:31Philippians 2:7
229. Isa. 49:6He will restore IsraelActs 3:19-2115:16-17
230. Isa. 49:6He is Salvation for IsraelLuke 2:29-32
231. Isa. 49:6He is the Light of the GentilesJohn 8:12Acts 13:47
232. Isa. 49:6He is Salvation unto the ends of the earthActs 15:7-18
233. Isa. 49:7He is despised of the NationJohn 1:118:48-4919:14-15
234. Isa. 50:3Heaven is clothed in black at His humiliationLuke 23:4445
235. Isa. 50:4He is a learned counselor for the wearyMatthew 7:2911:2829
236. Isa. 50:5The Servant bound willingly to obedienceMatthew 26:39
237. Isa. 50:6“I gave my back to the smiters.”Matthew 27:26
238. Isa. 50:6He was smitten on the cheeksMatthew 26:67
239. Isa. 50:6He was spat uponMatthew 27:30
240. Isa. 52:7Published good tidings upon mountainsMatthew 5:1215:2928:16
241. Isa. 52:13The Servant exaltedActs 1:8-11Eph. 1:19-22Php. 2:5-9
242. Isa. 52:14The Servant shockingly abusedLuke 18:31-34Mt. 26:6768
243. Isa. 52:15Nations startled by message of the ServantLuke 18:31-34Mt. 26:6768
244. Isa. 52:15His blood shed sprinkles nationsHebrews 9:13-14Rev. 1:5
245. Isa. 53:1His people would not believe HimJohn 12:37-38
246. Isa. 53:2Appearance of an ordinary manPhilippians 2:6-8
247. Isa. 53:3DespisedLuke 4:28-29
248. Isa. 53:3RejectedMatthew 27:21-23
249. Isa. 53:3Great sorrow and griefMatthew 26:37-38Luke 19:41Heb. 4:15
250. Isa. 53:3Men hide from being associated with HimMark 14:50-52
251. Isa. 53:4He would have a healing ministryMatthew 8:16-17
252. Isa. 53:4Thought to be cursed by GodMatthew 26:6627:41-43
253. Isa. 53:5Bears penalty for mankind’s iniquities2Cor. 5:21Heb. 2:9
254. Isa. 53:5His sacrifice provides peace between man and GodColossians 1:20
255. Isa. 53:5His sacrifice would heal man of sin1Peter 2:24
256. Isa. 53:6He would be the sin-bearer for all mankind1John 2:24:10
257. Isa. 53:6God’s will that He bear sin for all mankindGalatians 1:4
258. Isa. 53:7Oppressed and afflictedMatthew 27:27-31
259. Isa. 53:7Silent before his accusersMatthew 27:12-14
260. Isa. 53:7Sacrificial lambJohn 1:291Peter 1:18-19
261. Isa. 53:8Confined and persecutedMatthew 26:47-7527:1-31
262. Isa. 53:8He would be judgedJohn 18:13-22
263. Isa. 53:8KilledMatthew 27:35
264. Isa. 53:8Dies for the sins of the world1John 2:2
265. Isa. 53:9Buried in a rich man’s graveMatthew 27:57
266. Isa. 53:9Innocent and had done no violenceLuke 23:41John 18:38
267. Isa. 53:9No deceit in his mouth1Peter 2:22
268. Isa. 53:10God’s will that He die for mankindJohn 18:11
269. Isa. 53:10An offering for sinMatthew 20:28Galatians 3:13
270. Isa. 53:10Resurrected and live foreverRomans 6:9
271. Isa. 53:10He would prosperJohn 17:1-5
272. Isa. 53:11God fully satisfied with His sufferingJohn 12:27
273. Isa. 53:11God’s servant would justify manRomans 5:8-918-19
274. Isa. 53:11The sin-bearer for all mankindHebrews 9:28
275. Isa. 53:12Exalted by God because of his sacrificeMatthew 28:18
276. Isa. 53:12He would give up his life to save mankindLuke 23:46
277. Isa. 53:12Numbered with the transgressorsMark 15:27-28Luke 22:37
278. Isa. 53:12Sin-bearer for all mankind1Peter 2:24
279. Isa. 53:12Intercede to God in behalf of mankindLuke 23:34Rom. 8:34
280. Isa. 55:3Resurrected by GodActs 13:34
281. Isa. 55:4A witnessJohn 18:37
282. Isa. 55:4He is a leader and commanderHebrews 2:10
283. Isa. 55:5God would glorify HimActs 3:13
284. Isa. 59:16Intercessor between man and GodMatthew 10:32
285. Isa. 59:16He would come to provide salvationJohn 6:40
286. Isa. 59:20He would come to Zion as their RedeemerLuke 2:38
287. Isa. 60:1-3He would shew light to the GentilesActs 26:23
288. Isa. 61:1The Spirit of God upon himMatthew 3:16-17
289. Isa. 61:1The Messiah would preach the good newsLuke 4:16-21
290. Isa. 61:1Provide freedom from the bondage of sinJohn 8:31-36
291. Isa. 61:1-2Proclaim a period of graceGalatians 4:4-5
292. Jer. 11:21Conspiracy to kill JesusJohn 7:1, Matthew 21:38
293. Jer. 23:5-6Descendant of DavidLuke 3:23-31
294. Jer. 23:5-6The Messiah would be both God and ManJohn 13:131Ti 3:16
295. Jer. 31:22Born of a virginMatthew 1:18-20
296. Jer. 31:31The Messiah would be the new covenantMatthew 26:28
297. Jer. 33:14-15Descendant of DavidLuke 3:23-31
298. Eze.34:23-24Descendant of DavidMatthew 1:1
299. Eze.37:24-25Descendant of DavidLuke 1:31-33
300. Dan. 2:44-45The Stone that shall break the kingdomsMatthew 21:44
301. Dan. 7:13-14He would ascend into heavenActs 1:9-11
302. Dan. 7:13-14Highly exaltedEphesians 1:20-22
303. Dan. 7:13-14His dominion would be everlastingLuke 1:31-33
304. Dan. 9:24To make an end to sinsGalatians 1:3-5
305. Dan. 9:24To make reconciliation for iniquityRomans 5:102Cor. 5:18-21
306. Dan. 9:24He would be holyLuke 1:35
307. Dan. 9:25His announcementJohn 12:12-13
308. Dan. 9:26Cut offMatthew 16:2121:38-39
309. Dan. 9:26Die for the sins of the worldHebrews 2:9
310. Dan. 9:26Killed before the destruction of the templeMatthew 27:50-51
311. Dan. 10:5-6Messiah in a glorified stateRevelation 1:13-16
312. Hos. 11:1He would be called out of EgyptMatthew 2:15
313. Hos. 13:14He would defeat death1Corinthians 15:55-57
314. Joel 2:32Offer salvation to all mankindRomans 10:9-13
315. Jonah 1:17Death and resurrection of ChristMatthew 12:4016:4
316. Mic. 5:2Born in BethlehemMatthew 2:1-6
317. Mic. 5:2Ruler in IsraelLuke 1:33
318. Mic. 5:2From everlastingJohn 8:58
319. Hag. 2:6-9He would visit the second TempleLuke 2:27-32
320. Hag. 2:23Descendant of ZerubbabelLuke 2:27-32
321. Zech. 3:8God’s servantJohn 17:4
322. Zech. 6:12-13Priest and KingHebrews 8:1
323. Zech. 9:9Greeted with rejoicing in JerusalemMatthew 21:8-10
324. Zech. 9:9Beheld as KingJohn 12:12-13
325. Zech. 9:9The Messiah would be justJohn 5:30
326. Zech. 9:9The Messiah would bring salvationLuke 19:10
327. Zech. 9:9The Messiah would be humbleMatthew 11:29
328. Zech. 9:9Presented to Jerusalem riding on a donkeyMatthew 21:6-9
329. Zech. 10:4The cornerstoneEphesians 2:20
330. Zech. 11:4-6At His coming, Israel to have unfit leadersMatthew 23:1-4
331. Zech. 11:4-6Rejection causes God to remove His protectionLuke 19:41-44
332. Zech. 11:4-6Rejected in favor of another kingJohn 19:13-15
333. Zech. 11:7Ministry to “poor,” the believing remnantMatthew 9:35-36
334. Zech. 11:8Unbelief forces Messiah to reject themMatthew 23:33
335. Zech. 11:8DespisedMatthew 27:20
336. Zech. 11:9Stops ministering to those who rejected HimMatthew 13:10-11
337. Zech. 11:10-11Rejection causes God to remove protectionLuke 19:41-44
338. Zech. 11:10-11The Messiah would be GodJohn 14:7
339. Zech. 11:12-13Betrayed for thirty pieces of silverMatthew 26:14-15
340. Zech. 11:12-13RejectedMatthew 26:14-15
341. Zech. 11:12-13Thirty pieces of silver cast in the house of the LordMatthew 27:3-5
342. Zech. 11:12-13The Messiah would be GodJohn 12:45
343. Zech. 12:10The Messiah’s body would be piercedJohn 19:34-37
344. Zech. 12:10The Messiah would be both God and manJohn 10:30
345. Zech. 12:10The Messiah would be rejectedJohn 1:11
346. Zech. 13:7God’s will He die for mankindJohn 18:11
347. Zech. 13:A violent deathMark 14:27
348. Zech. 13:7Both God and manJohn 14:9
349. Zech. 13:7Israel scattered as a result of rejecting HimMatthew 26:31-56
350. Zech. 14:4He would return to the Mt. of OlivesActs 1:11-12
351. Mal. 3:1Messenger to prepare the way for MessiahMark 1:1-8
352. Mal. 3:1Sudden appearance at the templeMark 11:15-16
353. Mal. 3:1Messenger of the new covenantLuke 4:43
354. Mal. 3:6The God who changes notHebrews 13:8
355. Mal. 4:5Forerunner in spirit of ElijahMt. 3:1-311:10-1417:11-13
356. Mal. 4:6Forerunner would turn many to righteousnessLuke 1:16-17

8. The Future Restoration of Israel

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The confusion in the minds of expositors of Scripture concerning the meaning of Romans 11:26 is one of the evident results of failure to use Biblical interpretation. Not only do various schools of thought disagree, but the passage is a problem to all. An important clue to its interpretation is found in its preceding context. The entire chapter of Romans 11 deals with the question, “Did God cast off His people?” (Rom. 11:1). The answer given to this leading question is that “God did not cast off his people which he foreknew” (Rom. 11:2).

The argument proceeds to point out that there has always been a remnant of Israel who believed both under the law and under grace. The fact that this group were only a small portion of the nation of Israel is explained as the occasion for the present grace extended to Gentiles: “I say then, Did they stumble that they might fall? God forbid: but by their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy” (Rom. 11:11). The argument then turns on the statement that if the unbelief and “fall” of Israel as a nation was the occasion of blessing on the Gentiles, how much more will be the blessing on both Gentiles and Israel when Israel comes into its fullness of blessing: “Now if their fall is the riches of the world, and their loss the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?” (Rom. 11:12). These facts combine to serve as a warning to Gentiles not to be high-minded and as an encouragement to Israel that a future time of blessing is in store.

The contrast throughout the passage is not between the believer and unbeliever, but between Gentiles as such and Israel as a nation. In Romans 11:25 the issue is brought to a head with the revelation that Israel’s present blindness and unbelief will be concluded at the same time that the present Gentile opportunity is ended. Then follows the event described as “all Israel” being delivered.

The issues involved in the passage under consideration can be resolved into a series of questions: (1) What is the meaning of “all Israel”? (2) What is the nature of the deliverance? (3) When will the deliverance occur? (4) What are the concomitant events? Any answer to these questions involves both premises based on interpretation of the entire Scriptures and exegesis of the passage itself. The history of its interpretation has revealed a tendency to determine the meaning of the passage largely on the basis of other Scriptures. Hence, most amillennialists have denied that the reference is to Israel in the flesh and have given a spiritual interpretation of the passage. Pre-millennialists have insisted upon a more literal exegesis. The issue is determined by the meaning of key words.

What is the Meaning of “All Israel”?

It is apparent that the construction placed upon the word Israel practically determines the exegesis of the entire passage. The question is answered by at least three important considerations: (1) What is the use of the word in the context? (2) What is the use of the word in the New Testament as a whole? (3) What is the relation of the question to doctrine in general?

A study of the context bears out the fact that the word Israel as used in this passage is in contrast to Gentile. This is clear in Romans 11:1, where Paul identifies himself as an Israelite because of his connection with the tribe of Benjamin—a racial and national relation rather than spiritual. The contrast is made further in Romans 11:11 ff. The use of “ye”—i.e., the Gentiles—is opposed to “they”; i.e., the Jews. In other words, the entire chapter carefully preserves the distinction between two classes: Jews and Gentiles. Further, the Gentiles are in most cases those who have believed in Christ and are members of the church. The contrast is not, therefore, between believing Israel and unbelieving Gentiles, but rather the two groups are treated racially. There is no ground whatever in this passage for the idea that Israel is a reference to all believers as such, the interpretation advanced by Origen, furthered by Calvin, and embraced by most amillennialists. This interpretation would nullify the very theme of the chapter.

The immediate context also brings out the contrast between Israel and Gentiles. In Romans 11:25 both terms occur in contrast. As far as the general context and the immediate context are concerned, there is no ground for spiritualizing the word Israel. Even A. T. Robertson, who is not a premillennialist, rather reluctantly admits that the context would indicate that the reference here is to the Jewish people.22 Charles Hodge, who is also not a premillennialist, states flatly, “Israel, here, from the context, must mean the Jewish people, and all Israel, the whole nation. The Jews, as a people, are now rejected; as a people, they are to be restored.”23 The amillennial view that Israel refers to all believers must be held in spite of the context. It is noteworthy that Oswald T. Allis, who more than any other recent amillennial writer has attempted formally to refute premiliennialism, passes by Romans 11:26 with only a footnote reference24 in which he tries to sustain his thesis that Romans 11 says nothing of Israel’s restoration.25 In brief, his argument is that if Paul believed in Israel’s restoration he would have mentioned restoration to the land. In other words, because Paul does not include all the elements of Israel’s restoration, he cannot be speaking on the subject at all. If words are to be taken in their ordinary meaning, Paul is speaking of Israel’s spiritual and national restoration throughout the chapter. The fact is that Romans 11:26 is an embarrassing passage to the amillennial school of interpretation and, as they have no satisfactory interpretation of it, they are prone to give none.

The predicament of the amillennialists in interpreting Romans 11:26 is further disclosed by examination of their theory that Israel as a term is constantly used in the New Testament as a synonym of the church composed of both Jews and Gentiles. Their prejudice is expressed well by Allis when he states that when the Brethren Movement “insisted that Israel must mean Israel, and that the kingdom promises in the Old Testament concern Israel and are to be fulfilled to Israel literally” that they were “carrying to an almost unprecedented extreme that literalism which is characteristic of Millenarianism.”26 Yet Allis himself admits that premillennialism “was extensively held in the Early Church.”27 and that it was superseded only when Augustine advanced the idea that the millennium was “to be interpreted spiritually as fulfilled in the Christian Church.”28 As a matter of fact even a casual study of the writings of the early fathers reveals that millenarianism was not only “extensively held” but was in fact the outstanding characteristic of early Christian eschatology. Wilbur Smith in his review of Allis’ books quotes Schaff to this effect:

“The most striking point in the eschatology of the ante-Nicene age is the prominent chiliasm, or millenarianism, that is the belief of a visible reign of Christ in glory on earth with the risen saints for a thousand years, before the general resurrection and judgment. It was indeed not the doctrine of the church embodied in any creed or form of devotion, but a widely current opinion of distinguished teachers, such as Barnabas, Papias, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Methodius, and Lactantius.”29

Allis’ “unprecedented literalism” was, in the impartial hands of doctrinal historians, the prevailing opinion of the church until the perversions of Augustine and Roman Catholicism began to have weight. After all, is it such “unprecedented literalism” to believe that the Bible means Israel when it uses the term? Is not the burden of proof on the amillennialist to prove that the word means other than its ordinary meaning?

It is not difficult to prove from Scripture that Israel is frequently used in the New Testament to mean what it meant in the Old Testament—the nation descending from Abraham through Jacob. Further, there is not a single reference in the New Testament to Israel which cannot be taken in its plain meaning. Not a single instance requires the term to include Gentiles. In a word, there is no justification based on usage in the New Testament to interpret the word Israel as ever including Gentiles.

The question remains concerning the relation of the passage to Biblical doctrine as a whole. This involves the issues which determine premillennialism and amillennialism as systems of doctrines—a subject which is too large to be treated here. This much is clear: the premillennial system of interpretation is in full harmony with the interpretation that Israel in this passage refers to Jews in the flesh rather than to all believers, Jews and Gentiles alike. The amillennial system demands that the passage be spiritualized or their whole system is in jeopardy. The nature of the argument is illuminating, however. The amillennialist usually argues that Israel must be spiritualized because to do otherwise involves what is to him the extreme literalism that Israel means Israel. In other words, he argues from the system of doctrine to its necessary interpretation of the passage. On the other hand, the premillennialist appeals to the immediate context—in contrast between Israel and Gentiles; the general context—the discussion of Gentile privilege because of Israel’s fall; and the usage in the New Testament as a whole. From the standpoint of arriving at Biblical doctrine, the hermeneutics of the premillennial argument is evidently sound.

A difficulty for all systems of interpretation is the use of the word all. What is meant when it is stated that “all Israel shall be saved”? This has been referred to as a difficulty of the premillennial interpretation. Obviously, all Israel are not saved. Israel in view in the prophecy must first of all be limited to living Israel; that is, those living on earth at the time. It is not true that all Israelites of all generations are to be saved. Further, the Scriptures reveal that a large portion of Israel will be martyred during the time of trouble preceding the consummation of the period before the second coming of Christ (Zech. 13:8-9). There are other complications in the doctrine when the judgment on Israel is taken into consideration (Ezek. 20:33-38). What is meant, then, by all?

Before attempting to answer the question, it should be noted that the same difficulty attends the amillennial view, or any other view which attempts to find an actual event in this passage. While Israel, according to the amillennialist, means “all believers,” it is also apparent that all believers are not saved at the end of the age by the coming of Christ. For the proper interpretation of the passage, both principal millennial views must limit the fulfillment to those living at the time. The difficulty is not, then, a result of the premillennial viewpoint.

The most evident answer to the question of the meaning of all is found in the context. The all is in antithesis to the in part of Romans 11:25 and the remnant of verse 5. During the present age a remnant of Israel is saved through the gospel. The hardening or blindness is “in part.” When Christ returns, the situation will be changed. Instead of a remnant, or a small part, Israel as a whole will be saved. It will be a national deliverance. A. T. Robertson while attempting to defend postmillennialism in his interpretation admits: “All Israel (pas Israel). What does Paul mean? The immediate context (use of pas in contrast to apo merous, pleroma here in contrast with pleroma in verse 12) argues for the Jewish people ‘as a whole.’”30 He goes on to express his opinon that other Scripture (Rom. 9:6; Gal. 6:16) may justify the teaching that both Jew and Gentile or “spiritual Israel may be the idea.”31

The opinion of Charles Hodge is worthy of weight as he is not arguing for premillennialism: “Israel, here, from the context, must mean the Jewish people, and all Israel, the whole nation. The Jews, as a people, are now rejected; as a people, they are to be restored. As their rejection, although national, did not include the rejection of every individual; so their restoration, although in like manner national, need not be assumed to include the salvation of every individual Jew. Pas Israel is not therefore to be here understood to mean, all the true people of God, as Augustine, Calvin, and many others explain it; nor all the elect Jews, i.e., all that part of the nation which constitutes ‘the remnant according to the election of grace’; but the whole nation, as a nation.”32 The viewpoint that “all Israel” means “Israel as a whole” is not “an almost unprecedented extreme” of “literalism which is characteristic of Millenarianism,”33 as Allis would have us believe, nor is it a peculiarity of a little sect of Plymouth Brethren. It is the interpretation of those who believe that Israel means Israel, whether premillennial or post-millennial, and it is the only interpretation which makes sense out of the eleventh chapter of Romans. William Hendriksen, formerly Professor of New Testament Literature at Calvin Seminary and an avowed amillennialist, interestingly disagrees with Allis and holds that all Israel refers to the total number of Elect Israel in all ages; i.e., holds to a literal interpretation of the passage. This is, to say the least, an improvement on Augustine, Calvin, and Allis, though it misses the point of the context.34 The deliverance predicted in Romans 11:26 is, clearly, a group deliverance rather than individual salvation. This is borne out in the explanation which follows in the chapter.

What is the Nature of the Deliverance?

The salvation of “all Israel” is described as a fulfillment of prophecy. Isaiah 59:20-21 is quoted in part in Romans 11:26-27. The full quotation in Isaiah is as follows:

“And a Redeemer will come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith Jehovah. And as for me, this is my covenant with them, saith Jehovah: my Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith Jehovah, from henceforth and for ever.”

Three things are mentioned specifically in the Romans quotation: (1) the Redeemer shall come out of Zion; (2) He shall turn ungodliness from Jacob; (3) this is a covenant to be fulfilled “when I shall take away their sins.”

All views of the millennium agree that the Deliverer is the Lord Jesus Christ. Question has been raised concerning the meaning of “out of Zion.” The Hebrew of Isaiah 59:20 is correctly rendered “to Zion.” The Septuagint has interpreted this to mean “for Zion” (eneken Zion). Paul in quoting the Hebrew uses neither the Hebrew nor the Septuagint when he quotes the passage as “from Zion” (ek Zion). How is this difficulty to be solved and what is the meaning of Zion? It is clear that Paul is here not directly quoting, but is gathering up various passages in one statement. It will be noticed that his reference to turning away ungodliness is not in the Isaiah passage either. The Scriptures speak of Christ as both coming to Zion and from Zion (cf. Ps. 14:7; 20:2; 53:6; 110:2; 128:5; 134:3; 135:21; Isa. 2:3; Joel 3:16; Amos 1:2). It is certainly quibbling with words to argue, as Allis does, that this change of wording favors the amillennial view that a heavenly city is intended.35 In the nature of the case, Christ must come “to Zion” before He comes “from Zion.” The deliverance promised Israel is not His second coming per sc, but His rule on earth after His coming.

What is meant by Zion? This term has been used in reference to the city of Jerusalem or parts of it “at least since the time of David.”36 A study of its usage in the Old Testament reveals that its meaning is literal; that is, it is always associated with the earthly Zion. Its use in the New Testament is also literal. The only cases in question are the references in Hebrews 12:22 and Revelation 14:1, which readily yield to a literal interpretation if the premillennial viewpoint be adopted in interpreting the passages as a whole. In no case does Zion become merely a “heavenly city.”37 The many predictions in the Old Testament foretelling the coming of the Deliverer “out of Zion” (see references above) argue for a literal interpretation.

When the Deliverer comes, He will “turn away ungodliness from Jacob.” This is an event, not a process extending over ages of time. It is the subject of much Old Testament prophecy. It is part and parcel of the new covenant which Romans 11:27 mentions. A classic Old Testament passage bearing on the subject is Jeremiah 31:31-37. A new covenant is promised the house of Israel. In this new covenant, Jehovah promises:

“I will put my law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know Jehovah; for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith Jehovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin will I remember no more” (Jer. 31:33-34).

The passage then goes on to declare that Israel will endure as a nation under this new covenant as long as the ordinances of the sun, moon, and stars endure. The passage concludes: “Thus saith Jehovah: If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, then will I also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith Jehovah” (Jer. 31:37). In brief, the new covenant promised the house of Israel is precisely what Paul refers to in Romans 11:26-27. The elements are the same: Israel is promised blessing as a group or nation; “all” are to be blessed; “all” are to know the Lord; “all” are to be forgiven. Certainly, this is not the picture of Israel in any period of its history until now. A literal fulfillment demands an interpretation of Romans 11:26-27 which is in accord with the premillennial position. The fact that believers in this age enjoy a “new covenant” of grace and blessing does not hinder the future fulfillment of this promise to Israel, which is in no wise being fulfilled now.

The premillennial interpretation of Scripture adds a great deal to the bare outline provided in Romans 11:26-27. According to this viewpoint, the deliverance will be more than spiritual. Israel will be in the great tribulation and threatened with extermination (Matt. 24:15-22). Christ at His coming will deliver them from physical harm. This is in view of their coming spiritual blessing which will be their portion after being judged and brought into the land of promise. These events are the means to the end—the spiritual blessing on Israel throughout the millennium. To argue that all the details of the complicated series of events which will bring Gentile power to its end and establish the kingdom of Christ on earth must be in this portion of Romans in order to establish the premillennial view of the future, is an example of the error of arguing from silence.38

When Will the Promised Deliverance Occur?

The amillennial viewpoint of Romans 11:25-26 among other things does manifest injustice to the chronology of the passage. Whether the view of traditional amillennialism be followed, or the recent view of Hendriksen that “all Israel” refers to elect Israel in all ages, the interpretation contradicts the order of events indicated in Romans 11. The point of the entire chapter is that the present age is one of blessing to Gentiles and that this follows Israel’s fall. During this age some in Israel come to Christ and are saved, but the nation as a whole goes on in hardness or blindness and in unbelief. According to Romans 11:25-26, the present situation is going to change when the fullness of the Gentiles, or the present period of Gentile blessing, comes to its close. The terminus of Gentile blessing is the point in time when Israel’s blindness is lifted. When Israel’s blindness is lifted, the way is opened for the work of the Deliverer who will bring spiritual restoration as well as physical. The order of events is therefore: (1) Israel’s fall; (2) Gentile fullness of blessing; (3) Israel’s blindness lifted; (4) Israel’s Deliverer comes out of Zion; (5) Israel is turned away from ungodliness and her covenants are fulfilled. Now, manifestly, Israel fell as a nation. The reference is not to believing Israel or true Israel. Likewise, Israel is blind as a nation, but believing Israel is not blinded even in this age. So also “all Israel” refers not to believers in this age or in any previous age, but to the entire group which enter the millennium. To make “all Israel” “all believers,” as Allis does, or “all Jewish believers,” as Hendriksen does, is to blur the distinctions which are so carefully maintained in the entire passage. A study of the entire chapter, including verses 28-32, reveals that the antithesis of “ye” and “they,” i.e., present believers as in contrast to “all Israel,” is carefully preserved throughout.

The deliverance of “all Israel” is not a process but an event. The time of the event is clearly when the Deliverer comes out of Zion, an event following the return of Christ in His second coming. The prophesied deliverance is, therefore, a future event and a single event. The great prophetic passages of the Old Testament upon which this prophecy is based do not have any harmony with the present undertaking of God. It is evident that it is not true today that everyone knows the Lord, that it is no longer necessary to teach our neighbors. This is not true for Gentiles and it is certainly not true for Israel. The future revelation of Christ to Israel will fulfill these predictions and bring the prophesied time of blessing for God’s ancient people.

What Are the Concomitant Events?

The predictions of Romans 11:25 ff. involve important doctrinal considerations beyond the revelation explicitly made. This explains why its interpretation has been characterized rather sharply by the school of interpretation represented. The pre-millennial interpretation has as its background important considerations. The restoration of Israel as a nation involves the Davidic covenant. It involves Israel’s continuance as a nation and possession of the land. It involves the separation of the purposes of God for the church, believers in this age, and for Israel. The themes of Scripture bearing on the time of great tribulation for Israel, the consummation of Gentile power, the second coming of Christ, the judgment of the Gentiles, the resurrection of Israel and her judgment, the judgment of Israel still in the flesh, and many other important doctrines are directly or indirectly related. It is not claimed that Romans 11 in itself settles all the problems or that it alone establishes the main premises of premillennialism. What is claimed is that a literal interpretation of Romans 11 is in full harmony with prophecy which has been and is being fulfilled and that it fits perfectly the general scheme of the premillennial interpretation of Scripture. If the statements of this chapter be taken in their ordinary meaning without recourse to allegorical or spiritual interpretation of the key words, the inevitable conclusion is that we have here in broad outline God’s program: present blessing for Gentiles, future restoration and blessing for Israel as a nation. We say with Paul in the sense we believe he meant: “Did God cast off his people? God forbid.”

22 A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament, IV, 398.

23 Charles Hodge, Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, p. 589.

24 Oswald T. Allis, Prophecy and the Church, p. 305.

25 Ibid., p. 100.

26 Ibid., p. 218.

27 Ibid., p. 7.

28 Ibid., p. 3.

29 The Sunday School Times, Nov. 24, 1945, p. 940.

30 Op. cit., p. 398.

31 Loc. cit.

32 Op. cit., p. 589.

33 Op. cit., p. 218.

34 And So All Israel Shall Be Saved, p. 33.

35 Op. cit., p. 305.

36 “Zion,” International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia.

37 “Allis, op. cit., p. 305.

38 Loc. cit.


Use of the Old Testament in the Book of Revelation

By: Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Th.M., Ph.D.
Founder and Director of Ariel Ministries:

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